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Library / Transcribed Sermons / Deeds are decided by the last actions

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Indeed all praise is due to Allah, we praise Him, seek His help, and ask for His forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil of our selves and actions. Whoever Allah guides, none can mislead, but he whom He leaves astray   you will never find for him a protecting guide. I bear witness that none is worthy of worship except Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. May Allah’s peace and blessings be on Muhammad, his companions, and those who follow him in goodness until the day of Judgment.

As to what follows:

O believers! Fear Allah, for indeed He has ordered to fear Him. He said, “O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him]” [Al-‘Imran 3: 102]. Fear of Allah the Exalted is that a servant should do what Allah has commanded Him, hoping for his reward and fearing  His punishment. In this way the servant will be obeying Allah in carrying out His commandments and desisting from what He prohibited, while hoping for Allah’s reward.  A servant who does this will be among the pious worshippers of Allah.

O Allah! O Allah make us to be among your pious servants, your successful party, and your righteous allies.

O believers! Indeed Allah the Exalted permitted His worshippers to engaged in different types of worship. “O you who have believed, bow and prostrate and worship your Lord and do good - that you may succeed"[Al-Hajj 22:77].

Muslims compete in obeying Allah through various acts of worship, hoping for His mercy, and fearing His punishment. Each of them engages in the good deeds which Allah has made easy for him. A Muslim competes with others in goodness by doing the good deeds that he can manage, and that is following Allah’s command, “And hasten to forgiveness from your Lord and a garden as wide as the heavens and earth” [Al-‘Imran 3: 133]. In this journey, competition and hastening, the Muslim does not forget that all the bounty is in the hands of Allah the Exalted, He gives it to whoever He wills, and that it is Allah who makes it easy for him to do the good deeds, and if Allah had not made it easy for him to engage in good deeds, he would not have been able to obey the commands of Allah and desist from what He prohibited in spite of his effort and strength.

Therefore, in his striving towards Allah and in his competing and hastening, a Muslim should realize Allah’s favors upon him in that he granted him the ability to obey Him, and do good, and if it were not because of Allah, his granting of success, facilitation, and help he would not been able to engage in good deeds. 

A poet said:

“By Allah, were it not for Allah we would not have been guided/ and we would not have given charity nor prayed.”

So it is Allah who favors His servant by granting him faith, obedience, certainty, deep-rooted guidance and competition in good deeds. “ They regard as favor upon you (O Muhammad) that they have embraced Islam. Say: "Count not your Islam as a favor upon me. Nay, but Allah has conferred a favor upon you” [al-Hujurat 49: 117].

Indeed this issue is hidden and many intelligent people are oblivious of it. They strive in the obedience of Allah and in doing good deeds, they seek nearness to Allah through various acts of worship, then some form of inattention to Allah’s favor upon them enters into their hearts, and they think that they have favor over Allah, and they act as if they are granting Allah some favors, yet Allah is the Bestower  and Grantor of favors who must be praised. He deserves to be praised in all conditions and at all places. Had it not been for His facilitation, there would not have any fasting. Had it not been for His help, there would not have been any success. Had it not been for His enabling there would not have been any hajj, and had not the Lord helped His servant, he would not have done anything. “You (Alone) we worship, and you (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything)” [al-Fatiha 1: 5].

Therefore, the worship of Allah cannot be achieved except with Allah’s help. So if you are granted the ability to do a good action, do not stop doing it. It is Allah’s bounty that He has favored you with that good deed and specifically chosen you to perform it. Beware of being self-conceited because of your deeds, or thinking that you have a right over Allah and have conferred favors upon him. Indeed Allah gives a servant many favors if he is humble, has a submissive heart and a soul which supplicates to Allah the Exalted, and recognizes Allah’s bounties in everything, and sees His kindness in all apparent and hidden actions.

A servant is not granted success by Allah, and his deeds are not accepted if he thinks that he has some favors upon His Lord, and regards his actions as a favor, and he becomes self-conceited. How many peoples’ deeds count for nothing! They do not find goodness from them in this world,  nor will they be rewarded for them in the Hereafter. Such a person merely tires himself and troubles his soul for something which is of no benefit to him. This is because his acts of obedience like prayer, charity, fasting, hajj or the rest of the actions for drawing closer to His Lord are not accepted if he is filled with self-admiration, pride and feeling that he is conferring favors upon Allah.

Our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is a unique model, a good example, and a role model for those who perform good actions. He was the person who worshipped Allah the most openly and in secretly, in happy times and in adversity, during times of enthusiasm and reluctance, in Ramadan and other months besides Ramadan. Despite all this, he did not regard himself as having rights over Allah which necessitated favors. He knew that if it were not for Allah’s mercy he would not have done any good deed. An authentic hadith which was narrated by ‘Aisha and Abu Hurairah states that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “None amongst you will enter Paradise by virtue of his deeds alone. They said: “O Allah's Messenger! Not even you?” Thereupon he said: “Not even me, except if Allah covers me with His Grace and Mercy.”


This is how humble and submissive a person who is travelling on the road to Allah should be. He should not consider his action and knowledge to be worthy, rather, he should know that they are from the past and coming bounties of Allah. They are from the past bounties because Allah made it easy for the servant to do good deeds. They are coming bounties because Allah will accept  the servants’ good deeds. So where can you go? Allah’s bounty has preceded your action, and Allah’s bounty will be upon your actions in the future. Had it not been for Allah’s favor, you would not have done anything.

O Allah! Accept our actions. Forgive our sins. Make our affairs easy. O Allah! Make us to be among your pious servants, your successful party and righteous allies.

I say these words, and I ask for Allah’s forgiveness for you and me. Seek His forgiveness, indeed He is the Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful


The second khutbah

All praises and thanks be to Allah, Who (Alone) created the heavens and the earth, and originated the darkness and the light, yet those who disbelieve hold others as equal with their Lord” [al-An’am 6: 1]. I praise Allah the Exalted Who is in heaven. I praise with Him with all the goodness. I bear witness that none is worthy of worship except Allah, who Has no partner. I bear witness that Muhammad is Allah’s servant and Messenger. May Allah’s blessings be upon Muhammad, his family, companions, and those who follow him in goodness until the day of Judgment.

As to what follows:

O believers! Fear Allah. Fear Allah and engage in all the acts of obedience to Allah that you can. Know that any act of obedience whose intention is to seek nearness to Allah and is done openly or secretly, internally and externally, Allah will not  allow the reward of that action to be lost whether it is done by a male or a female. “Never will I allow to be lost the work of [any] worker among you, whether male or female” [Al-‘Imran 3: 195]. Thus  a believer should strive to do all good deeds, and avoid all evil. The verse which covers all the good deeds is Allah’s statement “So whoever does an atom's weight of good will see it. And whoever does an atom's weight of evil will see it” [az-Zalzalah 99: 7-8]. Therefore, do not belittle any good deed r even if it is small. Do not belittle a sin even if it small. Do not engage in sins or come close to them because they will may destroy you. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Beware of small sins because they gather upon a man and destroy him” [Ahmad (22808]).

Hasten to do the acts of worship, kindness, goodness, and every good deed whether it is small or great, because even if you regard an action to be minor but do it with sincerity, it will be considered great by Allah. Allah made a person to enter Paradise because of a branch which he removed from the road where the Muslims passed, so that they would not be harmed by it. He also forgave a prostitute from the children of Israel because she gave water to thirsty dog out of kindness. She attained Allah’s mercy, and Allah is merciful to only those who are merciful from among his worshippers.

So do not belittle a good deed even if it seems small to you, and do not belittle a sin, even if it seem minor to you. Obedience to Allah and good deeds differ depending on the obedience, goodness, disdain, or disregard for Allah’s right that is in the heart of the person who engages in the deed. There could be two people who do a similar good deed yet one of them will get the highest reward while the other will not attain any reward at all. The difference between these people will be what is in their hearts in terms of the obedience of Allah and turning to Him. The hypocrites used to fight together with the Prophet (peace be upon him), they used to go with him and participate in the battles, but Allah said with regards to them, “ Indeed, the hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the Fire” [An-Nisa 4: 145]. They honorable Sahaba were with him and they were sincere, hoping for Allah’s reward, and they will attain the highest grades in Paradise because of the truth that was in their hearts, their good intentions, earnest resolve and desire for Allah’s reward.

Therefore a believer should look into his heart, and consider his intention, and know that a good and bad deed is not rewarded based on the apparent action, rather, what is in the hearts is considered, because blessings and reward depend on the state of the hearts. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Verily Allah does not look to your forms”[2564]. Another narration states, “and He does not look at your actions, rather He looks at your hearts.” This shows the gravity of the issue, and that a believer is required to reform his heart, and if his heart is reformed, nothing except good will be in his statements and actions.

O believers! Indeed deeds are considered according to the last action. This is what the Prophet (peace be upon him) said in hadith: “Verily, (the rewards of) the deeds are decided by the last actions (deeds)" [al-Bukhari (6607)]. So, ensure that you end your month with the obedience of Allah the Exalted and seeking nearness to Him with various acts of worship, strengthening your link with Him, and having a sincere desire for His reward. Whoever was previously negligent should see to it that he worships Allah and does good in the remaining part of the month, and whoever was doing in the past days should maintain his good intention. Al-Bukhari and Muslim transmitted a hadith by Abu Hazim from Sahl ibn Sa’d as-Sa’idi (may Allah be pleased with him) –listen to this great hadith- that the Prophet (peace be upon him) looked at a man in one of his battles, and the man fought most bravely for the Muslims, that is, he was of great assistance and power in defending the Muslim, and he would attack all the non-believers who posed a danger to the Muslims. Then the Prophet (peace be upon him)  said, “If anyone would like to see a man from the people of the Fire, let him look at this (brave man)”. One of the Sahaba said, “Indeed I will watch what will become of this man.”  He said, “I followed him,” and his state was like what I have stated that he was attacking all the non-believers. When he was wounded and he became weakened, he hastened to kill himself, placing his sword between his breasts (and pressed it with great force) till it came out between his shoulders. That is, he killed himself and he was not patiently bear the pain that afflicted him, This man’s bravery is what the Sahaba saw, but it is possible that there was something behind that and it is the issue of show off in his heart or other diseases which destroy actions. The Sahabi (who saw this) went to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and said, “I bear witness that you are the Messenger of Allah”. He was addressing the Prophet (peace be upon him), and the Prophet (peace be upon him) The Prophet (peace be upon him) asked him, “Why do you say that?” The man then told the Prophet (peace be upon him) the story of the man. Then the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “A man may do the deeds of the people of the Fire while in fact he is one of the people of Paradise, and he may do the deeds of the people of Paradise while in fact he belongs to the people of Fire.” Then he mentioned the rule which we should always keep in mind and that is the saying of the Prophet (peace  be upon him) “and verily, (the rewards of) the deeds are decided by the last actions (deeds)". [Sahih al-Bukhari (6607)]

Seek to have a good ending in statements and speech, and remember Allah’s statement and the Prophet’s  (peace be upon him) supplication, “ And say, “My Lord, cause me to enter [al-Madinah] a sound entrance and to exit [al-Madinah] a sound exit and grant me from Yourself a supporting authority” [al-Isra 17: 80]. Have in mind a sound entrance in everything that you engage in be it in speech or dealings, and have in mind a sound exit in all the speech and dealings that you engage in or leave.

O Allah! Guide us to the right path. O Allah! End this month for us in obedience and goodness. Grant us your favors O Owner of Majesty and Honor! O Allah! Assist us, and do not assist our enemies against us. O Allah! Guide us, and facilitate guidance for us. O Allah! Let us remember You, thank You, hope for Your reward, fear Your punishment, and turn towards You. O Allah! Accept our repentance, make our arguments against our enemies firm, forgive us, overlook our faults, O Owner of Majesty and Honor! O Allah! use us in doing good, and turn evil away from us, O Owner of Majesty and Honor!

O Allah! Grant us security in our countries. Guide our leaders and rulers. Grant authority over us to those who fear you, are pious and follow your commands, O Owner of Majesty and Honor! O Allah! guide our rulers to that which is good for the people and the country. O Allah! whoever plots evil against us and the Muslims, make him engrossed in his own affairs, and save us from his evil.  O Allah! we seek protection from such a person, and we seek refuge in You from his evil. There is no power and might but from You. None can withhold what You grant and none can grant what You withhold, and the greatness of the great is of no avail to them against You.

O Allah grant us the ability to spend the night of Decree (laylatul qadr) in worship, O Allah grant us the ability to spend the night of Decree (laylatul qadr) in worship, O Allah grant us the ability to spend the night of Decree (laylatul qadr) in worship. O Allah! we ask you for forgiveness, wellbeing and permanent health.

Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves, and if you do not forgive us, we will surely be among the losers.

O Allah send your blessings upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you blessed Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim.  You are indeed worthy of praise, full of glory.

خطبة: الأعمال بالخواتيم



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