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Library / Miscellaneous Benefits / Qiyas (analogical comparison) of the opposite

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Qiyas(analogical comparison) of the opposite is to negate a ruling due to negation of its `illah (legal reason) and effective cause. Qiyas is of two kinds:

1) Direct qiyas wherein the ruing of the far` (new case) is affirmed due to affirmation of the `illah (legal reason) of the asl (original case) therein.

2) Opposite qiyas wherein the ruing of the far` (new case) is negated due to negation of the `illah (legal reason) of the ruling therein.

[I`lam al-Muwaqqi`in, Ibn al-Qayyim (1/160)]

قياس العكس وهو نفي الحكم لنفي علته وموجبه

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